Campden’s early name was Camp-denu, from Saxon Old English meaning field or enclosure (camp) in the valley (denu). It appears in the early records under various spellings and names:
Campedene 1086 (db), Bradecampedene 1224, Chepyng Campedene 1287. ‘Valley with enclosures’. OE camp + denu. …(Oxford Dictionary of Place Names)
There were three areas of early settlement – Berrington, Westington and Broad Campden. At the time of the Domesday Book the manor was held by the Earl of Chester, having been the property of King Harold before 1066. King Henry II gave Campden a Town Charter in about 1175, permitting a weekly market and annual fairs. It is from that time that the name was changed to Chipping Campden, from an old English word ‘ceping’, meaning ‘market’ and the High Street, with its market square and burgage plots, was developed.